APA Sessions and Tips

APA Sessions - Winter 2019

By appointment.

E-mail jgarland01@mun.ca to schedule yours!


As a personal interview is not published or “findable,” it should not be included in an APA reference list. Instead, a personal interview should be referenced as a parenthetical citation. For example: (J. Smith, personal communication, May 17, 2008).

Tips for effective paraphrasing:

  1. The statement must be in your own words.

  2. If you use any phrases that are in the original quote, place them in quotation marks.

  3. Add a citation—even if a paraphrase is in your own words, it is still someone else's idea.